|See also Highworth land|
|1 The Early Days||c1480-1600||South Marston|
|2 John Brende||1551-1606||Yeoman, Highworth|
|3 John Brind||1590-1634||Yeoman/Husbandman, Highworth|
|4 Thomas Brind||1617-1649||Highworth|
|5 Henry Brind||1650-1722||Innholder, Highworth|
|6 William Brind||1691-1732||Innholder, Highworth|
|7 Walter Brind||1722-1796||Goldsmith, London|
|8 Walter Brind||1763-1832||Ribbon manufacturer & silk merchant, London|
|9 General Sir James Brind||1808-1888||and descendants|
|10 Arms. Future research|
AUTHOR'S NOTES AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Some think that history is of no value, but I and I hope you consider that it is something to cherish, the past has shaped the lives of all those mentioned in these notes and I am sure it has had some effect on yours.
According to surname dictionaries our name is likely to be derived from either a mutated form of Old English 'brand' meaning 'the act or result of burning', or from the Middle English 'brende' meaning 'burnt' used as a substantive of 'a place cleared or destroyed by burning'. Therefore it was given to a dweller on burnt land, or a person who was branded, or possibly the one doing the branding.
Apart from' the first section of these notes which cover
the period from about I480-I580 each section generally examines
one generation. The descendants of the brothers of our forebears
are shown in each case in the previous section. Also included is
the saga of the arms,
I hope that the daughters of the family will forgive me for not. including their descendants in this work, it would have considerably increased the task, because what was done for one generation should have been undertaken for all the previous ones.
In conclusion I would like to acknowledge that the research was made comparatively easy due to the work done towards the end of the I9th century to record our pedigree from about 1700 by Frederick W.Brind, Alfred W.Brind and Miss A.M.Brind. They worked with Sir Thomas Phillipps Bt the well known antiquary and bibliographer who produced some draft family trees in 1866, 1867 and 1871, they are in the Bodleian Library and are of course now superseded. Our thanks must. also go to General Sir John Brind who wrote up their notes in 1956 in such a readable format.
In producing the information included in this pamphlet I would like to thank Dr S.W.Taylor BA. Phd. and Miss H. Marshall BA. FHG, FSG. a mediaeval Latin specialist for their work in Section I and transcribing two early wills in Sections 2 and 3. Also Jonathan Brind whose forebears lived in Aldbourne in the 18th century gave me much help and very kindly transcribed the legal documents in Sections 5-7 and some of the more recent wills. Three documents have been left without transcriptions so that readers can try their hand!
Finally I would like to thank the Public and County Record Offices, Royal & Sun Alliance Insurance Group and the Guildhall Library Corporation of London for conserving and giving permission for copies of documents that they hold to be reproduced in this booklet. Thanks are also due to the Goldsmiths' Company, the Institute of Heraldic and Genealogical Studies, the Antique Collectors' Club Ltd, the Department of Uniforms, Badges and Medals of the National Army Museum, the Oriental and India Office Collections of the British Library, the National Portrait Gallery, the Society of Genealogists, Oxford University Press, News International, the Daily Telegraph and C.Hibbert Esq for advice or access to their records, or extracts from their work to be copied into this publication.
This work is in memory of our forebears and is dedicated to our successors. There is an old saying that we all die twice, once in the normal course of events and the second time when we are forgotten - let us not forget our own.
Alehouse. Victuallers and alehouse keepers have been licensed by JPs since 1552.
Bengal Artillery. A part of the Bengal Army of the East India Company.
Church Courts. Dealt with ecclesiastical and many other matters of 15th-19th century life, e.g. wills.
CCS. Colonial Civil Service.
Copyhold. Land held by title written into the Manorial Court rolls (records).
Demesne. The Lord's land.
Distrain. Seize goods of a debtor.
DNB. Dictionary of National Biography.
EIC. East India Company.
Enclosure Awards. A process for enclosing and re-allotting open fields, common meadows, commons, heaths, greens and forests.
Extents. A writ directing the sheriff to seize the property of a debtor.
Frankpledge. A mutual suretyship by which the members of a tithing were made responsible for one another.
Freeman of the Goldsmiths Company. Successfully completed apprenticeship, or gained by patrimony.
Goldsmith. Gold and silversmiths.
Heriot. A fine due to the lord of the manor on the death of a tenant, originally his best beast or chattel.
Hundred. A subdivision of a county having its own court.
Husbandman. A tenant farmer.
Indenture. A document used for contracts, title deeds etc. Two copies were made.
ICS. Indian Civil Service.
IGI. International Genealogical Index.
Innholder. Held lease of inn (for 500 years).
Inquisition. Examination, investigation, judicial inquiry.
Intestate. When a person died without leaving a will. If property was involved or there was money in an A/C then application for probate had to be made and letters of administration (admon) issued.
Inventories. List of belongings of a deceased person.
Manorial Records. Until the 18th century the manorial system provided a framework for the lives of much of the rural population. Manorial boundaries did not coincide with those of the parish and any one parish might include portions of several manors. The records consist of court rolls, surveys, maps, and other documents relating to the boundaries, wastes, tenancies, misdemeanours and customs of the manor. Up to 1732 they were often in latin. Many have been lost or destroyed.
Mark. Goldsmiths initials or other mark stamped on silverwear to show maker.
Mercer. A dealer in silk, cotton, woollen and linen goods.
Messuage. A house with outbuildings and yard and sometimes garden.
Measurements. See separate page in this section.
Musters. From the Anglo-Saxon period, able-bodied men between ages of 16 and 60 were liable to perform military service.
Peculiar. A group of parishes not necessarily adjacent or in the same county who were exempt jurisdiction of the arch deaconry and were subject to a dean or bishop.
PRO. Public Record Office.
£.s.d. Pounds, shillings, pence.
Quitclaim. A formal release of property.
Quit Rent. A fixed annual payment made by a manorial tenant to be released from services to the Lord of the Manor.
Subsidies. (Lay Subsidies). The main means of raising money up to 1660 (except during the Civil War). Distinction was made between taxation of goods (moveables) and land.
Tithes. A tenth part of the main produce of land and labour, e.g. wool, pigs, milk was paid to the local church.
Toft. A homestead or hillock.
Virgates. An old land measure commonly 30 acres. WRO. Wiltshire Record Office.
WRS (WAS) Wiltshire Record Society.
Yard of Land. Commonly 30 acres.
Yeoman. Man holding (not necessarily owning) and cultivating small landed estate.
| An extremely thorough Brind family history was assembled by
General Sir John Brind, in March 1936
|Return to index||Source documents|
|Index||Section 1||Section 2||Section 3||Section 4||Section 5||Section 6||Section 7||Section 8||Section 9||Section 10|
Draft Pedigree of Brind of Wanborough & Stanton Fitz-Herbert